Satellite Image, Photo of Central Chile

Scattered fires dot the Andes in central Chile, shown here in this true-color Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) image taken by the Terra satellite on December 5, 2003. Snow caps the higher peaks of the range, even though South America is moving into its summer months. High elevations keep the temperatures sufficiently low to prevent the snow from completely melting away. Santiago, Chile’s capital city, sits just below the image center, and is visible as a gray spot against the brown and green foothills. On the other side of the Andes, Argentina is painted in shades of brown and dark green. The fires in this image are likely agricultural.
Source: Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

Fires in central Chile

With the Pacific Ocean to one side and the five thousand mile-long Andes Mountain Range to the other, Chile fairly glows with the deep green of late-fall foliage. In this true-color Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer ( MODIS ) image, acquired by the Aqua satellite on March 19, 2004, several fires dot the landscape, especially to the southeast of Punta Lavapie, image center. A few of the fires even send plumes of smoke into the atmosphere, where the wind carries them away to the northeast. On the other side of the Andes, Argentinas high-altitude Monte (an arid region in the rain-shadow of the Andes) appears in many rich shades of tan.
Source: Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

Satellite Image, Photo of North Patagonia Ice Sheet, Chile

This ASTER images was acquired on May 2, 2000 over the North Patagonia Ice Sheet, Chile near latitude 47 degrees south, longitude 73 degrees west. The image covers 36 x 30 km. The false color composite displays vegetation in red. The image dramatically shows a single large glacier, covered with crevasses. A semi-circular terminal moraine indicates that the glacier was once more extensive than at present. ASTER data are being acquired over hundreds of glaciers worldwide to measure their changes over time. Since glaciers are sensitive indicators of warming or cooling, this program can provide global data set critical to understand climate change..
Source: NASA GSFC, MITI, ERSDAC, JAROS, U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team

Satellite Image, Photo of Gulf of Corcovado, Chile

Gulf of Corcovado, Chile January 1997. The northern Gulf of Corcovado can be seen in this west-northwest-looking view. An inlet of the Pacific Ocean, the gulf separates the island of Chiloé (upper left), the largest of the Chilean Islands, from the Chilean mainland (bottom). Islands discernible along the right center and upper right separate the Gulf of Corcovado from the Gulf of Ancud (not visible). Lumbering, fishing, and tourism are the main industries of the small surrounding communities. The snow-capped mountain seen on the lower-left margin of the image, with three lakes on its north and northeast flanks, is the 7000 foot (2135 meter) Corcovado Volcano. The pointed island protruding into the gulf in the upper left portion of the image is Tranqui Island..
Source: National Aeronautics and Space Administration - NASA/JPL/NIMA

Satellite Image, Photo of Brüggen, Greve, Occidental Glaciers, Lake Greve, Chile

Patagonia, September 25, 2001. The Expedition 3 crew of the International Space Station caught a rare glimpse of the massive ice fields and glaciers of Patagonia early in the afternoon on September 25, 2001. This part of the South American coast sees frequent storms and is often obscured from view by cloud cover. Brüggen Glacier in southern Chile is the largest western outflow from the Southern Patagonian Ice Field and, unlike most glaciers worldwide, advanced significantly since 1945. From 1945 to 1976, Brüggen surged 5 km across the Eyre Fjord, reaching the western shore by 1962 and cutting off Lake Greve from the sea. The glacier continued advancing both northward and southward in the fjord to near its present position before stabilizing. The growth covers a distance of more than 10 km north to south, adding nearly 60 square km of ice..
Source: National Aeronautics and Space Administration - NASA/JPL/NIMA

Satellite Image, Photo of Laguna de la La Laja, Chile

Laguna de la Laja, Chile January 1997. Laguna de la Laja is the sinuous dark feature in the middle of this color infrared image of the Andes range east of Los Angeles, Chile. From a hydroelectric generating station at the southwest end of the reservoir, Rio Laja flows westward down a broad valley cut through the Andes. The rough-textured, dark, arcuate feature at the south end of the reservoir is a large lava field. The amount of vegetative cover differs dramatically between the east and the west slopes of the Andes. This image illustrates the “rain shadow effect” where moisture-bearing westerly winds off the Pacific cross the mountains and produce well-watered, densely forested western slopes (deeper red indicates heavier vegetation). The eastern slopes receive less moisture and are less vegetated, thus the gradation from deep red to lighter pink from west to east across the color infrared image. The dark, U-shaped feature in the bottom right corner is Lago Agrio and the lighter colored feature immediately west of this lake is Copahue Volcano..
Source: National Aeronautics and Space Administration - NASA/JPL/NIMA

Satellite Image, Photo of Lakes Alumine, Caburgua and Colico, Chile

Lakes Alumine, Caburgua, and Colico, Chile January 1998. Surrounded by forested mountains, Lakes Caburgua and Colico formed inside glacial troughs that descended from the Andes Mountains into the forelands. Though Lake Alumine evolved the same way, its location is on the lee or dry side of the Andes Mountains prevents the growth of forests around the lake. The glaciers built terminal moraines, behind which the melting waters were dammed during deglaciation nearly 12000 years ago. All of the lakes enjoy a balanced water budget and clean water due to the snowmelt in the Andes. These lakes are also rich in sports fish, particularly trout which are stocked in the Andean lakes. The region is a renowned tourist attraction. The snow-capped peak near the bottom center portion of the image is Llaima Volcano. This 10252 foot (3124 meters) volcano is a stratovolcano that last erupted in late August early September, 1992. The volcano has been very active in historical times..
Source: National Aeronautics and Space Administration - NASA/JPL/NIMA

Satellite Image, Photo of Lascar Volcano, Chile

Lascar Volcano, Chile May 1993. Lascar Volcano in the central Andes Mountains of Chile erupted April 20, 1993, sending a large plume of ash into the atmosphere and producing lava flows and ash deposits that required evacuation of nearby villages. This near-vertical photograph, taken May 4, 1993, shows the summit of Lascar (near the center of the western edge) and the ash deposited east of the volcano. Recent pyroclastic flows (light areas) traveled down the northwestern slope of the volcano. Ash covers the conical volcano due east of Lascar and a wide area of the folded ranges in the eastern Andes Mountains. The dust tendrils south and east are resuspended ash whipped up by high winds over the Andes and carried eastward over the agricultural areas of eastern South America. The irregular whitish features are playas (dry lakebeds) that are scattered throughout the drier areas of the Andes Mountains. STS-55 Earth observation taken from Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102, shows several plumes of blowing material over northern Argentina. All plumes originate downwind of the recent volcanic eruption of Lascar Volcano (just over the border in northern Chile). It seems most likely, therefore, that the blown material is dust-sized particles of ash that was deposited on the high Andean plateau by Lascar during the eruption of 04-20-93. The large, dense, V-shaped plume in this frame is about 40 kilometers long. It is blowing eastwards from a point about 100 km southeast of Lascar. On 05-10-93, images from the AVHRR sensor on the environmental satellite NOAA-11 showed the dust from these parts of Altiplano reaching the lowlands hundreds of kilometers to the east. This photo was recorded on 05-04-93 at 19 hours 10 minutes 38 seconds GMT..
Source: National Aeronautics and Space Administration - NASA/JPL/NIMA

Satellite Image, Photo of San Quintín Glacier Northern Patagonia, Chile

The San Quintín Glacier is the largest outflow glacier of the Northern Patagonian Ice Field in southern Chile. Its terminus is a piedmont lobe just short of the Golfo de Penas on the Pacific Ocean and just north of 47°S. Like many glaciers worldwide during the twentieth century, San Quintín appears to be losing mass and possibly retreating. Such a change is evident in these two photographs taken by astronauts only seven years apart. The first was taken by the crew of STS-068 in October 1994 and the second by the Increment 4 crew of the International Space Station in February 2002..
Source: National Aeronautics and Space Administration - NASA/JPL/NIMA