The island of Taiwan sits off of the coast of southern China between the East China Sea, the South China Sea, southwestern Japan’s Nansei-shoto Islands, and the Pacific Ocean. The island is mostly mountainous in the east, but gradually transitions to gently sloping plains in the west. At the northern tip of the island is Taiwan’s capital city, Taipei, which appears as a large grayish patch surrounded by dark green. In this image, most of Taiwan’s eastern coast is dotted with low clouds, with low and high clouds off the coast in the Pacific Ocean. MODIS also detected three fires, which are marked in red. This true-color Terra MODIS was acquired December 15, 2002.
Source: Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

Typhoon Lekima (23W) southeast of Taiwan

Typhoon Lekima smacked southern Taiwan today (Sept. 26, 2001) with high winds and torrential rains. Luckily, no casualties or damages have been reported in the storms aftermath. Lekima, the eighth typhoon to hit the island nation this year, brought sustained winds of 103 miles per hour (166 km per hour) and gusts of up to 127 miles per hour (203 km per hour). Tragically, Pacific typhoons thus far this season have killed 300 Taiwanese and caused well over $100 million in damages in that country. Later, on the afternoon of Sept. 26, Typhoon Lekima was downgraded to a tropical storm. The storm was moving north-northwest at about 7 miles per hour (11 km per hour). The storm was expected to weaken over the next 24 hours as it traveled toward China. Lekima is the name of a Vietnamese fruit tree. These true-color images were acquired by the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), flying aboard NASAs Terra satellite. These scenes were collected on consecutive days--September 25 and 26--showing Typhoon Lekimas slow progress toward Taiwans southern coast.
Source: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

Typhoon Rammasun (09W) east of Taiwan

Before winding down on July 6, 2002, Typhoon Rammasun reached Category 3 hurricane status, with maximum sustained winds of 110 knots (127 miles per hour). On July 3 and 4 4, 2002, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) captured these images of the storm off the coast of east-central China and Taiwan (partially cloud covered near center of image). The storm veered northward and eventually made landfall over Korea, where it broke up.
Source: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

Super Typhoon Halong in Western Pacific

On July 14, 2002, Super Typhoon Halong was east of Taiwan (left edge) in the western Pacific Ocean. At the time this image was taken the storm was a Category 4 hurricane, with maximum sustained winds of 115 knots (132 miles per hour), but as recently as July 12, winds were at 135 knots (155 miles per hour). Halong has moved northwards and pounded Okinawa, Japan, with heavy rain and high winds, just days after tropical Storm Chataan hit the country, creating flooding and killing several people. The storm is expected to be a continuing threat on Monday and Tuesday. This image was acquired by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Terra satellite on July 14, 2002. Please note that the high-resolution scene provided here is 500 meters per pixel. For a copy of the scene at the sensors fullest resolution, visit the MODIS Rapid Response Image Gallery.
Source: Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

Typhoon Toraji

Packing torrential rains and wind gusts of up to 90 miles per hour, Typhoon Toraji swept across Taiwan today (July 30, 2001) leaving a swath of death and destruction in its wake. At least 35 people were killed, and another 103 are missing, by the widespread flooding and mudslides produced by the storm. Many agricultural fields have been flooded in Taiwan, causing millions of dollars in damages to crops. The Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) captured this view of Typhoon Toraji earlier today. In this scene, the eye of the storm appears to be located approximately over Tainan, a town located on the southwestern coast of Taiwan. The colored speckles in the southern portion of the image are noise introduced into the satellite transmission at the receiving station, which is located in Taiwans capital city of Taipei--right under the typhoon! The eye of the storm had passed over Taiwan by early afternoon and was travelling north-northwest toward China at 11 miles per hour (17 km per hour). Named after a popular flower in North Korea, Toraji is the eighth and most severe typhoon to hit Taiwan this year.
Source: Image courtesy the SeaWiFS Project, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, and ORBIMAGE