The expansion of Rome 1st Century B.C.

The Roman Ascendency during the first Century B.C.
Source: "An Historical Atlas Containing a Chronological Series of One Hundred and Four Maps, at Successive Periods, from the Dawn of History to the Present Day." by Robert H. Labberton. Sixth Edition. 1884

Europe in 1560

Europe in 1560
Source: The Historical Atlas by William R. Shepherd, 1923.

European Medieval Universities

Medieval university is an institution of higher learning which was established during High Middle Ages period and is a corporation.
Source: The Historical Atlas by William R. Shepherd, 1923.

Principal seats of War in Europe 1618-1660

Illustrating the campaigns of
- Ernest of Mansfeld 1621-1622
- Ernest of Mansfeld, Christian IV 1626
- Albrecht von Wallenstein 1626
- Bethlen Gabor 1626
- Gustavus Adolphus 1630-1632
- Albrecht von Wallenstein 1632
- Charles X 1658
Source: The Historical Atlas by William R. Shepherd, 1923.