Stereo View of the Eruption of Mount Etna

These Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) images capture the July 22, 2001 explosion of the Mt. Etna volcano. Etna is located near the eastern coast of Sicily, to the southwest of mainland Italy. Major eruptions have been issuing from both summit and flank vents. Fine ash falling onto the Province of Catania closed the local airport, and a state of emergency was declared for the town of Nicolosi, which was threatened by lava flows from the southern flanks of the volcano. At the bottom of this image set are true-color views from MISRs 70-degree forward-viewing camera, the vertical-viewing (nadir) camera, and the 70-degree backward-viewing camera. Each covers an area of 143 kilometers x 88 kilometers. The upper image is a stereo anaglyph created from the instruments 70-degree and 46-degree forward views, and covers an area of 438 kilometers x 300 kilometers. To facilitate stereo viewing, the images are oriented with north at the left. Viewing the stereo image in 3-D requires red/blue glasses with the red filter placed over your left eye. For information on ordering 3-D glasses, read the vendor list. Two plumes of differing compositions are seen to be emanating from Etna. The bright, brownish plume drifting southeast over the Ionian Sea is composed primarily of tiny frozen fragments of lava, known as ash. A fainter, bluish-white plume is also visible, especially near the summit, and is most apparent in the 70-degree forward view. It contains very fine droplets of dilute sulfuric acid. In addition to the particulate plumes visible in these images, the volcano also expels gases such as water vapor, sulfur dioxide, and carbon dioxide. Although the Etna volcano is one of the worlds most studied volcanoes, it is difficult to classify, being a mixture of overlapping shield and strato volcanoes, partially destroyed by repeated caldera collapse, and partially buried by younger volcanic structures. Eruptions are related to a complex tectonic situation, including subducting plates, numerous major faults intersecting at the volcano, and perhaps also to hot-spot volcanism. For more information on Etna, refer to Michigan Technological Universitys Department of Geological Engineering and Sciences ( and to the Smithsonian Institutions Global Volcanism Program ( Mt. Etna is Europes highest (3315 meters) and most active volcano. In ancient Greek mythology, Etna was identified with the forge of Volcan.
Source: Image courtesy NASA/GSFC/LaRC/JPL, MISR Team

Por Mapas Owje