Strait of Gibraltar

The Strait of Gibraltar provides a natural physical barrier between the countries of Spain (north) and Morocco (south). In geologic terms, the 10-mile (16-kilometer) strait that separates the two countries, as well as Europe and Africa, is located where the two major tectonic plates-the Eurasian Plate and the African Plate-collide. This high-oblique, northeast-looking photograph shows the mountainous northern coast of Morocco and the coastal mountains of southern Spain, including the dagger-shaped, snow-covered Sierra Nevada Mountains of southeastern Spain. The Guadalquivir River flows from east to west along the base of the Sierra Morena Mountains in southern Spain. The famous British city of Gibraltar is located on the wedge-shaped peninsula on the east side of the bay in the southernmost protrusion of Spain. The city of Ceuta is a Spanish enclave on the extreme northeastern coast of Morocco. Ceuta, a free port with a large harbor, has remained under Spanish control since 1580.

Western Morocco Topographic Map

Portion of AMS Series 2201, Sheet 1 "Casablanca" Original Scale 1:2,000,000. Published by the U.S. Army Map Service, 1969. Area covered includes the cities of Agadir, Casablanca, Marrakech, Rabat and adjacent areas of Spain, Portugal, Madeira and Canary Islands. Map key and Original Scale ( Scale_1969.jpg)
Source: U.S. Army Map Service

Morocco Map 1861 - 1864

Source: Mittheilungen aus Justus Perthes' Geographischer Anstalt uber Wichtige Neue Erforschungen auf dem Gesammtgebiete der Geographie von Dr. A. Petermann. Volume 9, 1865

Morocco Map 1830

"Marocco from Observations in 1830" with inset map of "City of Marocco (Marraksh Blad Kibira)"
Source: Journal of the Royal Geographical Society, Volume 1, 1832 to accompany "Geographical Notice of the Empire of Marocco. By Lieutenant Washington, R.N."